5 statistics about women’s discrimination in companies

Despite the conquests of the latest decades, the working gap between men and women is still considerable, and not only regarding salaries

5 estadísticas sobre la discriminación de las mujeres en la empresa
17/05/2017 · Alexandra Maratchi

We are about to start the first edition of the MOOC “Women & Leadership”, the first free online course about discrimination and feminine empowerment in which there are currently over 400 enrolled students. Is an e-learning program of the sort really necessary? In this entry we are going to have a look at different situations of discrimination towards women at work that show that, despite the improvements of the last decade, there is still a long way to go towards equality. 

The salary

Probably the most studied area of discrimination at work. According to data provided by the International Labour Organisation (ILO), nowadays women earn 77% less than men. Despite that in the last decades the gap has been narrowed, the truth is that the closing has become slower in the past years, to the point that the same institution states that at the current pace, 70 years would still be needed in order to completely eradicate the difference.

Furthermore, the closing of the salary gap between men and women is indeed in course, but it is not necessarily due to an improvement in the conditions of women, as one could think at first. Since the start of the crisis, the approximation has been produced by the worsening of the working conditions of men rather than by a better position for women.

This situation generates protesting movements that in some cases highlight illustrative data. During the celebration of the Working Woman International Day in Iceland, thousands of people went on the street, making their protest viral on the internet. In this Nordic country, the salary gap between men and women is over 14% which, translated into working hours, implies that women work for free after 2:38 pm every day. 

The glass ceiling

In Spain, the gender salary gap is around 20% in favour of men, which is somewhat below the global statistic but has some peculiarities. While in many countries the gap is explained by a difference in the salary for the same position, in Spain – as well as in other similar countries, this gap is lesser. Where is, then, the gap generated? In the access to higher ranked positions.

This phenomena is often called the “glass ceiling”, and it refers to the invisible barriers blocking the ascension of women in their professional careers. Some illustrative data: the presence of women in Managing Boards of companies of the IBEX 35 is only 19.38%, 11 points below the objective set by the National Securities Market Commission (CNMV in Spanish) for 2020.

Let’s leave the big industry now and check the situation in the Education Sector. According to data provided by the Woman’s Institute, the number of women hired as teaching assistants or lecturers in universities is around 40%, whereas their presence in the higher ranks wanes alarmingly: 21% reach professorship and only 8% become deans. 

More women in temporary positions

There are currently 1.16 million women with part-time jobs against their will... 57% of the total feminine working force! In the case of men, the amount of temporary workers does not reach the 800.000. 

Linked to the household

Even though the stereotype by which women are charged with the maintenance of households and the care of children is considered to be long overcome, statistics reinforce the opposite. The employment gap between fathers and mothers is over 20% in favour of the former. A situation that does not change over the years, as maternity implies a disconnection from the labour force in many cases. However, the difference disappears in the case of men and women without children.

Moreover, according to data provided by Fedea, women dedicate 2.5 more hours per day to domestic tasks than men, whereas men spend 1.5 hours more to their jobs, and an extra hour to their leisure.

These and many other situations will be the core matter of the debate at the event “Our Voices” that we hosted at the Fàbrica Moritz of Barcelona on the 6th of June, as the closure of the first edition of our course “Women & Leadership”. We counted on experts on the field, exhibitions and a discussing forum open to all attendees.

Alexandra Maratchi

Alexandra Maratchi